Bases are chemical compounds that can accept positively charged hydrogen ions (H+) and either release hydroxide ions (OH-) or react with acids to neutralize them. They commonly dissolve in water, forming solutions that are capable of conducting electricity. Bases vary in strength from strong bases like sodium hydroxide to weak bases like baking soda (sodium bicarbonate). They typically have a bitter taste and a slippery feel. Bases are used in various applications, including household cleaning products, pharmaceuticals, and industrial processes. Bases have a pH greater than 7 on the pH scale, which measures the acidity or basicity of substances, indicating their alkaline nature.